This article contains some common poultry diseases and treatment that farmers should know to avoid Spread out of Diseases and High Mortality; to be able to control and know the symptoms of this disease. Some diseases, symptoms, causes and treatment are listed below;
- Disease : Lice and Mites
Symptoms: i. Lice and mites are seen on feathers.
- Feather itches bird.
iii. Dropping of Feathers.
Causes: Lice and Mites are caused by Ecto – Parasite.
Treatment: – Clean the Poultry Pen or change litters i.e. saw dust etc.
- Disease : Gumboro
Symptoms: i. Loss of Appetite.
- Touching the Ground with the Beak.
iii. High Temperature.
Causes: Gumboro is caused By Virus.
Treatment: – Vaccinate with IBDV Gumboro vaccine when due; use antibiotic (oxytetracycline or tetracycline).
- Disease: Fowl Cholera
Symptoms: i. distress in respiratory. i.e. respiration; breathing.
- High Mortality Rate.
iii. Lameness in respiratory.
- Sudden Death.
Causes: Fowl Cholera is caused by Bacteria.
Treatment: – Clean and disinfect the poultry Pen; Dispose dead birds.
- Disease: CRD – Chronic Respiratory Disease.
Symptoms: i. Low egg production. (in Layers)
- Weakness in Limbs and Joints.
iii. Coughing and Sneezing.
- Reduction in weight.
Causes: Chronic respiratory Disease is caused by Bacteria
Treatment: – remove infected / affected birds ; use keproflox, terramycin, and keproceryl.
- Disease : Coccidiosis
Symptoms: i. dark brownish /orange coloured feaces.
- Bloody Eyes.
Causes: Coccidiosis is caused by Parasites.
Treatment : general treatment; Coccidiostat i.e. Coxistat, Keproco, ESBX etc.
- Disease: Mareks
Symptoms: i. Droopy Wings.
- Blurry Eye and later becomes spotty.
iii. Wings and Legs Paralysis.
- Poor Posture.
Treatment: – Vaccination at day 1 after hatchery and proper hygiene; No proven treatment to treat Mareks. It is best to prevent it.
Note: if you do not understand this article it is advisable to invite your VET. Not all the Poultry Disease were Listed, Update coming soon.